Title: Certified reference materials for testing of the presence/absence of Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin A (SEA) in cheese
Authors: ZELENY ReinhardNIA YacineSCHIMMEL HeinzMUTEL IsabelleHENNEKINNE Jacques-AntoineEMTEBORG HAKANCHAROUD-GOT JeanAUVRAY Frederic
Citation: ANALYTICAL AND BIOANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY vol. 408 no. 20 p. 5457–5465
Publisher: SPRINGER HEIDELBERG
Publication Year: 2016
JRC N°: JRC101363
ISSN: 1618-2642
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC101363
DOI: 10.1007/s00216-016-9642-5
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Staphylococcal enterotoxins (SEs) account for a substantial number of food-poisoning outbreaks. European legislation (Commission Regulation 1441/2007) stipulates the reference procedure for SE analysis in milk and dairy products, which is based on extraction, dialysis concentration and immunochemical detection using one of two approved assays (VIDAS® SET2, Ridascreen® SET Total). However, certified reference materials (CRMs) are lacking to support laboratories in performing reliable detection of Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin A (SEA) in relevant matrices at sub-nanogram per gram levels. The certification of a set of three reference materials (blank and two SEA-containing materials) for testing of the presence/absence of SEA in cheese is described. The reference procedure was applied in an intercomparison with 15 laboratories, and results were reported in a qualitative manner (presence or absence of SEA in the sample). No false-negative or false-positive results were obtained. The certified values were stated as diagnostic specificity (blank material) or diagnostic sensitivity (SEA-containing materials) and were 100 % in all cases. Stability studies demonstrated suitable material stability when stored cooled or frozen. An in-house study on the recovery of SEA in the cheese materials using a double-sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) revealed comparable recovery values of around 45 % at the two spiking levels and in both the SEA-containing CRMs as well as blank CRM freshly spiked prior to analysis. The values were also comparable over time and among different analysts. The materials provide valuable support to laboratories for method validation and method performance verification and will increase the reliability of measuring SEA in cheese.
JRC Directorate:Health, Consumers and Reference Materials

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