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|Title:||Morphological and compositional study of 238U thin film targets for nuclear experiments|
|Authors:||SIBBENS GOEDELE; ERNSTBERGER MARKUS; GOUDER THOMAS; MAROULI MARIA; MOENS ANDRE; SEIBERT ALICE; VANLEEUW DAVID; VARGAS ZUNIGA MARTIN; WISS THIERRY; ZAMPELLA MARIAVITTORIA; ZULEGER EVELYN|
|Citation:||AIP CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS vol. 1962 p. 030007|
|Publisher:||AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF PHYSICS|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||The uncertainty in neutron cross section values strongly depends on the quality and characteristics of the deposited actinide films which are used as “targets” in the nuclear experiments. Until recently, at the Joint Research Centre in Geel (JRC-Geel), mass and areal densities of actinide layers were determined by measuring activity (using alpha-particle counting), isotopic composition (using thermal ionisation mass spectrometry) and diameter. In this study a series of 238U deposits, prepared by molecular plating and vacuum deposition on different substrates, were characterized with additional non-destructive and destructive analysis techniques. The quality of the deposits was investigated by autoradiography, high-resolution alpha-particle spectrometry, and scanning electron microscopy. The elemental composition was determined by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. The latter technique was also applied on the U3O8 starting material and the converted UF4 powder. This paper compares the quality and morphology of deposited 238U films prepared by molecular plating and vacuum deposition on various backings, including their elemental composition determined by different characterization techniques. Also discussed are problems in target preparation and characterization.|
|JRC Directorate:||Nuclear Safety and Security|
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