Title: Gender Equality in Human Capital and Fertility in the European Regions in the Past
Authors: HIPPE RALPHPERRIN FAUSTINE
Citation: INVESTIGACIONES DE HISTORIA ECONOMICA vol. 13 p. 166-179
Publisher: SPANISH ASSOCIATION OF ECONOMIC HISTORY
Publication Year: 2017
JRC N°: JRC105836
ISSN: 1698-6989
URI: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1698698917300061?via%3Dihub
http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC105836
DOI: 10.1016/j.ihe.2017.02.001
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Gender inequality in human capital has been shown to be an important indicator of economic development but has remained unexplored in a historical European perspective. Using a new and large historical database on male and female literacy rates, we provide new evidence on the distribution of gender inequality in human capital in European regions in 1900 and 1960. We explore the distribution of fertility rates to account for the relationship between gender equality in education and the fertility transition. The data show a reversal of educational fortunes and regional fertility rates. Regions with lower fertility rates in the past tend to display higher rates today.
JRC Directorate:Growth and Innovation

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