Title: Forecasting ozone threshold exceedances in urban background areas using supervised classification and easy-access information
Citation: ATMOSPHERIC POLLUTION RESEARCH vol. 9 no. 6 p. 1052-1061
Publication Year: 2018
JRC N°: JRC108597
ISSN: 1309-1042
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC108597
DOI: 10.1016/j.apr.2018.04.002
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Classification models to forecast exceedance of the ozone (O3) threshold established by European legislation are rare in literature, as is the focus on background O3, with higher concentrations at city outskirts. This study evaluated the performance of nine classifiers to forecast this threshold exceedance by background O3. Models used five large hourly background O3 data sets (2006–2015), and included temporal features describing the O3 formation dynamic. Bagging and stacking ensembles of such classifiers and their cost of learning were also evaluated. C5.0 and nnet classifiers achieved the best forecasting performance, even at imbalanced learning. Bagging ensembles outperformed stacking approaches, although with little accuracy improvement as compared to classifiers. The cost of learning evidenced similar performance results from reduced fractions of original data sets. The use of these models to forecast background O3 threshold exceedances are encouraged due to the performances obtained and to their easy reproducibility.
JRC Directorate:Energy, Transport and Climate

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