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|Title:||Mathematical Modelling of Laboratory-Scale Kinetics of Photomineralization of Phenols and Chlorophenols in Aqueous Solution, by Photocatalytic Membranes Immobilazing Titanium Dioxide|
|Authors:||ROTA Fabrizio; CAVASSI Marco; NIEGO Davide; GORLANI Riccardo; VIANELLI Luca; TATTI Luca; BRUZZI Paolo; MORONI Alberto; BELLOBONO Ignazio renato; BIANCHI Michele; MUNTAU Herbert wilhelm|
|Citation:||Chemosphere vol. 33 no. 11 p. 2159-2173|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||Photomineralization of phenol, 2,6-dimethyl phenol, 1,2,3-benzenetriol, 4-chloro phenol, and 2,4-dichloro phenol, in 9.9x10-3 - 5.6x10-5 M aqueous solutions, in the presence of stoichiometric hydrogen peroxide, was studied, using PHOTOPERM CPP/313 membranes containing immobilized 30+-3 wt%TiO2, by analysis of total organic carbon (TOC) content. With phenol and 2,6-dimethyl phenol also the rate of disappearance of the substrate molecules was measured fluorimetrically. Polychromatic or monochromatic irradiation was carried out (radiant power in the absorption range 145 and 8 W respectively). The initial rate of photodegradation was studied as a function of the initial concentration of substrate using the linearized form of the Langmuir-Hinsshelwood equation, from which the rate constant k and apparent adsorption constants K were evaluated. These parameters, which are unable to fit the whole photomineralization kinetic curves, were employed to optimize, by numerical integration, a kinetic model which considers appearance and disappearance of all intermediates, as if they were represented by a hypothetical single molecule, mediating all of them. By this way, two couples of parameters, k1 and K1, k2 and K2 were obtained, relative to the two successive steps of the model (substrate disappearance and mineralization), able to reproduce satisfactorily well the whole kinetics. Experimental data, as compared to modelling, show evidence of a main rate determining path, and of another, minor but not unsignificant, parallel path leading to a faster mineralization. Mean quantum yields of organic carbon mineralization, calculated by k2 parameters, reach 10-20% of the maximum allowable efficiencies.|
|JRC Institute:||Joint Research Centre Historical Collection|
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