Title: A Preliminary Evaluation of Irradiation Damage in Model Alloys by Electric Properties Based Techniques
Authors: ACOSTA IBORRA BEATRIZSEVINI FILIPPODEBARBERIS LUIGI
Citation: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PRESSURE VESSELS AND PIPING vol. 82 p. 69-75
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Publication Year: 2005
JRC Publication N°: JRC30552
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC30552
Type: Articles in Journals
Abstract: The most important effect of the degradation by neutron irradiation is a decrease in the ductility of reactor pressure vessel (RPV) ferritic steels. The main way to determine the mechanical behaviour of the RPV steels is tensile and impact tests, from which the ductile to brittle transition temperature and its increase due to neutron irradiation can be calculated. These test are destructive and are regularly applied to surveillance specimens to assess the integrity of the RPV. The possibility of applying validated non-destructive aging monitoring techniques would however facilitate the surveillance of the materials that form the reactor vessel. The Institute for Energy of the Joint Research Centre has developed twe devices, focussed on the measurements of the electrical properties which prove to give a good non-pdestructive assessment of the embrittlement state of ferritic steels. The first technique, called Seebeck and Thmoson Effects on Aged Materials (STEAM), is based on the measurement of the Seebeck coefficient, characteristic of the material and related to the microstructural changes induced by irradiation embrittlement. With the same aim, the second technique, named Resistivity Effects on Aged Materials (REAM), measures instead the resistivity of the material. This paper explains (i) preliminary STEAM and REAM results and (ii) results compared with Charpy impact energy temperature shifts due to neutron irradiation. These results will make possible the improvement of such techniques based on the measurement of material electrical properties for their application to non-destructive irradiation embrittlement assessment.
JRC Institute:Institute for Energy and Transport

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