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|Title:||Artefacts in the Sampling of Nitrate Studied in the "INTERCOMP" Campaigns of EUROTRAC-AEROSOL|
|Authors:||SCHAAP M.; SPINDLER G.; SCHULZ M.; ACKER K.; MAENHAUT W.; BERNER A.; WIEPRECHT W.; STREIT N.; MUELLER K.; BRUEGGEMANN E.; CHI X.; PUTAUD JEAN-PHILIPPE; HITZENBERGER R.; PUXBAUM H.; BALTENSPERGER U.; TEN BRINK H.|
|Citation:||ATMOSPHERIC ENVIRONMENT vol. 38 no. 38 p. 6487-6496|
|Publisher:||ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV|
|Type:||Articles in Journals|
|Abstract:||Sampling of aerosol-nitrate can be problematic because of evaporative loss of the semi-volatile ammonium nitrate or adsorption of nitric acid gas. Such artefacts, which depend on filter type and ambient conditions, are not well documented for the filters in use in Europe and this was the reason to study these in a series of intercomparison trials. The trials were performed within the "INTERCOMP" programme of the AEROSOL subproject of EUROTRAC-2. Samplers were used containing the most common filter types in use in Europe, i.e. quartz, Teflon, (mixed) cellulose ester and cellulose. It was found there that the loss of ammonium nitrate from Teflon and quartz filters is only substantial when temperatures are much higher than those during the field campaign.Cellulose and cellulose-acetate filters quantitatively collected both ammonium nitrate and nitric acid in the laboratory study, but in Melpitz measured nitric acid concentrations were too low to identify its adsorption. Possible artefacts due to adsorption of nitrous acid were negligible.|
|JRC Institute:||Institute for Environment and Sustainability|
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