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|Title:||The Contribution from Ship Emissions to Air Quality and Acid Deposition in Europe|
|Authors:||DERWENT Richard; STEVENSON D.s.; DOHERTY R.m.; COLLINS W.j.; SANDERSON M.g.; AMANN Markus; DENTENER FRANCISCUS|
|Citation:||AMBIO vol. 34 no. 1 p. 54-59|
|Publisher:||ROYAL SWEDISH ACAD SCIENCES|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||Relatively little attention has been given to the acid deposition and air quality impacts of ship emissions in international waters. A global three-dimensional Lagrangian chemistry-transport model STOCHEM is used to describe the European regional acid deposition and ozone air quality impacts from the SO2 and NOx emissions from international shipping peaks at over 400 mg S m-2 yr-1 over the North Sea and Baltic Sea. The contribution from international shipping to mean ozone concentrations during the summertime peaks at about 6 ppb over Ireland, Brittany and Portugal. Shipping emissions act as an external influence on acid deposition and ozone air quality within Europe and may require control actions in the future if strict deposition and air quality targets are to be met.|
|JRC Institute:||Sustainable Resources|
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