Title: The Myths of Technology and Efficiency: a few thoughts for a Sustainable Energy Future
Authors: BERTOLDI PAOLOLEBOT BenoitMOEZZI MithraEIDE Anita
Citation: Proceedings of the ECEEE Summer Study 2005 vol. 1 p. 183-195
Publisher: ECEEE
Publication Year: 2005
JRC Publication N°: JRC31064
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC31064
Type: Contributions to Conferences
Abstract: Energy consumption continues to grow, as do CO2 emissions. The energy efficiency community has created indicators and 'Business-as-Usual' scenarios to show large energy savings achieved compared to <what would have been if...> Technology development has been highlighted as the most successful achievement: <We have refrigerators that are ten times more efficient!> Yet technology is only one component of the equation, and unfortunately it alone cannot create sustainability. What's more, a focus on technical efficiency, especially market-based efficiency, may reproduce and encourage the very forms of consumption it purports to control. The authors propose some paths toward a sustainable energy future based on a mix of ambitious policies and new social and energy responsibilities that has the potential of resulting in a major change in energy using behaviour. It also advocates increased standards of policy critique, arguing that both the social and technical assumptions of policy models that promise savings must be made transparent.
JRC Institute:Institute for Environment and Sustainability

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