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|Title:||Parameterization of a Crop Growth and Development Simulation Model at Sub-Model Components Level. An Example for Winter Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)|
|Authors:||CONFALONIERI ROBERTO; BECHINI Luca; BOCCHI Stefano; MAGGIORE Tommaso|
|Citation:||ENVIRONMENTAL MODELLING & SOFTWARE vol. 21 p. 1042-1054|
|Publisher:||ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV|
|Type:||Articles in Journals|
|Abstract:||Dynamic simulation models are frequently used for assessing agronomic and environmental e.ects of di.erent management practices, under various pedo-climatic conditions. CropSyst is a suitable cropping systems simulation model for such applications. However, available CropSyst crop parameters for winter wheat, one of the most important cereals in the world, are limited. In this work we show that it is possible to parameterize separate sub-model components by using existing experimental data and literature. The experiments, carried out in northern Italy between 1986 and 2001, quantified the dynamics of aboveground biomass (AGB), plant nitrogen (N) concentration (PNC) and N uptake (UPTK) by means of periodical measurements. The relative root mean square error (calculated by dividing the root mean square error by the average of observations) obtained after model calibration and validation on an independent data set was, respectively, in the range 9e30% and 17e32% for AGB, 10% and 6e40% for PNC, 8e28% and 9e24% for UPTK. AGB was frequently underestimated. Despite the limited accuracy of simulations, we argue that calibrated crop parameters are adequate for scenario analysis as most di.erences between years and fertilization levels were reproduced by the model and .nal AGB and cumulative UPTK were also correctly simulated.|
|JRC Institute:||Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen|
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