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|Title:||Implications of European Environmental Legislation for Photovoltaic Systems|
|Authors:||JAEGER-WALDAU ARNULF; DE WILD-SCHOLTEN M.j.; WAMBACH K.; ALSEMA E.|
|Citation:||Proceedings of the 20th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition p. 3143-3147|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||Awareness raisin about new Ertopean waste and environmental legislation, which may affect the photlvoltaic industry significantly, is a top priority. Photovoltaic modules are presently excluded from the WEEE-and ROHS-directives, but this situation may very well change in the future. To encourage high value recycling approaches, the recovery of valuable materials like silicon wafers, broken wafers for feedstock and silver should be promoted by near term legislation. When PV modules are included in the ROHS regulation, it will be prohibited to put lead-orc cadmium-containing modules on the market, above the regulatory limits for hazardous metal contents. Special focus will be put on the copper interconnection with solder alloy layers and the lead-containing frit of silicon solar cells. As new analysis of today's solar glasses have shown, the lead contents of these are well below the regulatory limits and will contribute only a few ppmg to the total lead content of the module.|
|JRC Institute:||Sustainable Resources|
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