Title: Electrochemical Release Testing of Nickel-Titanium Orthodontic Wires in Artificial Saliva Using Thin Layer Activation
Authors: CIOFFI M.GILLILAND DOUGLASCECCONE GIACOMOCHIESA R.CIGADA A.
Citation: Acta Biomaterialia vol. 1 no. 6 p. 717-724
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Publication Year: 2005
JRC Publication N°: JRC32017
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC32017
Type: Articles in Journals
Abstract: Alloys based on Ni–Ti intermetallics generally exhibit special shape memory and pseudoelastic properties, which make them desirable for use in the dental field as orthodontic wires. The possibility of nickel release from these materials is of high concern, because the allergenicity of this element. The aim of this study was to test pseudoelastic Ni–Ti wires in simulated physiological conditions, investigating the combined effect of strain and fluoridated media: the wires were examined both under strained (5% tensile strain) and unstrained conditions, in fluoridated artificial saliva at 37 °C. Real time electrochemical nickel release testing was performed using a novel application of a radiotracer based method, thin layer activation (TLA). TLA was validated, in unstrained conditions, against adsorptive stripping voltammetry methodology. Control tests were also performed in non-fluoridated artificial saliva. From our research it transpired that the corrosion behaviour of Ni–Ti alloy is highly affected by the fluoride content, showing a release of 4.79 ± 0.10 μg/cm2/day, but, differently from other biomaterials, it does not seem to be affected by elastic tensile strain. The application of the TLA method in the biomedical field appears a suitable technique to monitor in real time the corrosion behaviour of biomedical devices.
JRC Institute:Institute for Health and Consumer Protection

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