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|Title:||Les Cartes Régionales de Vulnérabilité: Outils de Réflexion et Supports d'Aide à la Décision: Le cas de la Région Piémont et de la Province de Varèse, Italie.|
|Authors:||DI MAURO CARMELO; BOUCHON SARA MARIE|
|Citation:||Annales des Mines vol. Responsabilite et Environnement. Numero special: les Vulnerabilites. Juillet 2006 no. 43 p. 26-31|
|Type:||Articles in Journals|
|Abstract:||This paper presents preliminary results from the on going collaboration between JRC and Italian Civil Protection Authorities of Piemonte Region and the Province of Varese in the field of the emergency planning and response activities. During last decades, these two authorities have developed experience on the prevention and response to a variety of hazards and the potential associated disasters (natural and technological hazards, and intentional acts). Now these authorities aim to improve the existing tools and methods for assessing and managing the regional risks in order to have an integrated vision of the territory that includes a systematic approach for considering a multiple risk evaluation and consistent interpretation of regional vulnerability. This requires the involvement of many different public and private stakeholders into the assessment and management of risk. The involvement of stakeholders allows bringing into the process a multiple perception and a multiple discipline description of the issues of concern. Defining vulnerability maps that can express the consequences of hazards for the regional territory, as well as the stakeholder valuation is one of the most important issues to improve in order to develop a multi-risk interpretation at regional level. The definition and the development of vulnerability maps require collecting, organising and elaborating data of a very different nature. Consequently, as preliminary work of the elaboration of vulnerability maps, we developed an ontology to describe and organize the necessary information and the related metainformation. This ontology follows a multi risk-based approach to support the integration of a multi-criteria tool for defining the regional vulnerabilities, in order to construct vulnerability maps. These maps, in combination with hazard maps, will be a valid support for stakeholders to prioritise and define plans and local policies of civil protection. Considering the scale of interest, this approach goes beyond the typical approach based on the evaluation of risk scenarios. Because the evaluation of regional vulnerability can be seen as result of stakeholder interpretation, the evaluation of the vulnerabilities will be more useful for the definition of strategies than simply the interpretation of risk scenarios.|
|JRC Institute:||Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen|
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