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|Title:||Air Quality, Human Exposure and Health Impact Assessment of Air Pollution in Ljubljana, Slovenia|
|Authors:||FIELD Robert; GERBOLES MICHEL; PEREZ BALLESTA PASCUAL; NIKOLOVA EVTIMOVA Irina; BAEZA-CARACENA Antonia; BUZICA DANIELA; CONNOLLY RICHARD; CAO NATALE; AMANTINI Luciano; LAGLER FRIEDRICH; STILIANAKIS NIKOLAOS; FORCINA VITTORIO; DE SAEGER EMILE|
|Other Identifiers:||EUR 21649 EN|
|Type:||EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports|
|Abstract:||An evaluation of outdoor, indoor air quality and human exposure to air pollutants and their human health effects was carried out in Ljubljana, Slovenia. The assessment was undertaken around 4 complimentary activities: AIRPECO, PEOPLE, APHEIS and air pollution monitoring by the Slovenian network of automatic measuring stations. In the AIRPECO project outdoor measurements of benzene, nitrogen dioxide (NO2), sulphur dioxide (SO2), ozone (O3) were made both in winter and in summer. Ambient concentrations were measured at about 100 sampling sites in order to map the distribution of air pollution over the city. At four sampling sites, concentrations of particulate matter (PM10) and its chemical composition were determined. The PEOPLE project assessed outdoor/indoor air quality and population exposure to benzene. Population exposure measurements focused on the influence of emissions from transport and smoking. Measurements were also made at a range of indoor locations including homes, offices, shops, schools, bars, restaurants and public transport, as well as outdoor locations throughout the city. The APHEIS health impact assessment considered a number of indicators, namely: hospital admissions, mortality and morbidity, associated with exposure to black smoke, PM10 and PM2.5. The influence of abatement strategies for the selected air pollutants for the health indicators was calculated for the population of Ljubljana. Besides its role for compliance with air quality legislation, the Slovenian monitoring network data were used to complement and support the outdoor monitoring for PEOPLE and AIRPECO and to provide the air quality data required for APHEIS.|
|JRC Directorate:||Sustainable Resources|
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