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|Title:||Environmental Data Exchange Network for Inland Water|
|JRC Publication N°:||JRC32874|
|Abstract:||The book gives an overview of the needs and perspectives of environmental data exchange in the inland water area. It consists of 3 sections: Data Exchange The EDEN-IW Project Policy Issues and Data Harmonisation The perspectives and the visions of the needs are that a citizen or a user, including policy makers, needs be able to get rapid answers to environmental questions on inland waters, without any knowledge about what data sources might be available or how to connect to them. The questions may range from global to continental, from national to local, following political boundaries, or catchment areas as required. In principle, a large number of existing inland water databases in the world could be linked together, providing citizens with access to a world wide inland water database, together with tools to assess the information and regulate the inland water environment in a more efficient and effective way than in the current situation. Starting from these needs and technological challenges, Part 1 of the book examines data exchange issues and previous solutions. This starts from the examination of two examples of data exchange systems, one national and one European, and continues with the examination of technologies of interest both in terms of software agents, and a review of models for database integration. Part 2 of the book examines the results from a 3 year research project, financed under the 5th framework programme, by the IST programme. The project, the Environmental Data Exchange Network for Inland Water, started officially in 2001 and came to an end at the end of 2004. This includes an overview of the results, and a number of detailed scientific and technical papers on specific topics covered during the project. The project, the Environmental Data Exchange Network for Inland Water, started officially in 2001 and came to an end at the end of 2004. However the project was conceived in early 1999, and significant effort went into developing the ideas and the subsequent project proposal, which was delivered to IST programmes in June 1999, using new informatics tools allowing for on-line network submission of proposals (a big news at that time..). Looking back over the files that has survived until today, we can see that we made around 20 versions of the project proposal before we were either satisfied with the result or the time was up, and several times the proposal was passed back and forth between EU and US for additional work during work hours on the other continent. In the initial proposal, we included partners from the US, to assure that the significant scientific efforts, which had already been carried through a collaboration among US agencies (EPA, DOE, DOD, US-GS and others) with the company MCC as main software developer, could benefit the EDEN-IW project. In fact an important goal of the EDEN-IW project was to transfer the ideas and the knowledge, piloted in the US, to the European environmental informatics scene. Finally Part 3, examines data harmonisation and policy issues, and looks towards the future, with contributions related to the collaboration across the Atlantic and the drive towards a common water GIS in Europe.|
|JRC Institute:||Institute for Environment and Sustainability|
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