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|Title:||Evaluation of the MERIS/ENVISAT FAPAR Product|
|Authors:||GOBRON NADINE; PINTY BERNARD; MELIN FREDERIC; TABERNER MALCOLM; VERSTRAETE MICHEL; ROBUSTELLI Monica; WIDLOWSKI JEAN-LUC|
|Citation:||ADVANCES IN SPACE RESEARCH vol. 39 no. 1 p. 105-115|
|Publisher:||ELSEVIER SCI LTD|
|Type:||Articles in Journals|
|Abstract:||This paper describes the evaluation and performance of the Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MERIS) Global Vegetation Index (MGVI) algorithm that is implemented in the MERIS ground segment as the primary land surface product. MGVI output values represent the Fraction of Absorbed Photosynthetically Active Radiation (FAPAR) which acts as an indicator of the presence and state of the vegetation canopy. The retrieval algorithm was optimized to be insensitive to the overlying atmosphere, the underlying soil as well as angular effects, using radiative transfer models. This physically based approach for retrieving land biophysical parameters can be extended to a series of sensors; the resulting algorithms are designed to deliver similar geophysical products that are directely comparable and ultimately generate long time series of FAPAR. After presenting the MGVI algorithm, we analyze actual results by inter-comparing the FAPAR values derived from MERIS to similar products derived from the Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor (SeaWiFS) that have been generated at the European Commission Joint Research Centre (EC-JRC). The FAPAR products derived from MERIS and SeaWiFS are compared on several dates in 2002 when both instruments simultaneously observed the same geographical regions. The consistency and temporal continuity of the products are then evaluated by comparing the time series of FAPAR values over local sites in Europe during the year 2003 from the two instruments. Finally, multi-annual FAPAR time series obtained by merging MERIS and SeaWiFS products demonstrate the feasibility of monitoring the state of land surfaces with FAPAR products before and after the European drought event in 2003.|
|JRC Institute:||Institute for Environment and Sustainability|
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