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|Title:||How Much Has Labour Taxation Contributed to EU Structural Unemployment?|
|Authors:||PLANAS CHRISTOPHE; ROEGER Werner; ROSSI ALESSANDRO|
|Citation:||JOURNAL OF ECONOMIC DYNAMICS & CONTROL vol. 31 p. 1359-1375|
|Publisher:||ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV|
|Type:||Articles in Journals|
|Abstract:||We analyse the effect of labour taxes on euro area unemployment. Making use of the Blanchard and Katz (1999) NAIRU model, we represent structural unemployment as made up of two elements: an observed part related to labour taxes plus a non-stationary unobservable component related to the reservation wage and to the wage mark up. Contrary to empirical estimates available so far, this modelling explicitly acknowledges the existence of non-measurable factors responsible for the unemployment non-stationarity. For the period 1970-2004 we obtain a tax effect that lies in the middle of the estimates that can be found in the literature. This study gives support to the view that lowering labour taxes can help to reduce unemployment in continental Europe.|
|JRC Institute:||Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen|
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