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|Title:||Techno-economic Assessment of Hydrogen Production Processes for the Hydrogen Economy for the Short and Medium Term|
|Authors:||MUELLER-LANGER Fransiska; TZIMAS EVANGELOS; KALTSCHMITT Martin; PETEVES ESTATHIOS|
|Citation:||INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY vol. 32 no. 16 p. 3797-3810|
|Publisher:||PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||Hydrogen is expected to play a significant role in the future energy system. A key enabler to a hydrogen-including economy will be the development and deployment of processes that can produce hydrogen whilst satisfying the criteria for sustainability, i.e. economic competitiveness, environmental protection and security of energy supply. This paper evaluates selected hydrogen production processes based on natural gas steam reforming, coal and biomass gasification and water electrolysis. These options are expected to play a significant role in the short to medium term. Industrial large-scale processes, using natural gas and coal, will constitute the most important routes. However, increasing prices for natural gas are likely to make coal gasification more competitive. Biomass gasification could become more important if present techno-economiclogical barriers can beare overcome. Electrolytic hydrogen, however, will only likely be practical for niche applications in the short term due to the high electricity costs, especially when electricity is generated by renewable energy sources.|
|JRC Directorate:||Energy, Transport and Climate|
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