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|Title:||Comparison of Calculated Spectra for the Interaction of Photons in a Liquid Scintillator: Example of 54Mn 835 keV Emission|
|Authors:||CASSETTE P.; AHN G.h.; ALTZITZOGLOU TIMOTHEOS; AUBINEAU-LANIÈCE I.; BOCHUD F.; GARCIA TORANO E.; GRAU CARLES A.; GRAU MALONDA A.; KOSSERT K.; LEE K.b.; LAEDERMANN J.p.; SIMPSON Bruce; VAN WYNGAARD W.m.; ZIMMERMAN B.e.|
|Citation:||APPLIED RADIATION AND ISOTOPES vol. 64 p. 1471-1480|
|Publisher:||PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||The CIEMAT/NIST and TDCR methods in liquid scintillation counting, initially developed for the activity standardization of pure-beta radionuclides, have been extended to the standardization of electron-capture and beta-gamma radionuclides. Both methods require the calculation of the energy spectrum absorbed by the liquid scintillator. For radionuclides emitting X-rays or gamma-rays, when the energy is greater than a few tens keV the Compton interaction is important and the absorption is not total. In this case, the spectrum absorbed by the scintillator must be calculated using analytical or stochastic models. An illustration of this problem is the standardization of 54Mn which is a radionuclide decaying through electron capture. The gamma transition, very weakly converted, leads to the emission of a 835 keV photon. The calculation of the detection efficiency of this radionuclide requires the calculation of the energy spectrum transferred to the scintillator after the absorption of the gamma ray and the associated probability of absorption. The validity of the method is thus dependent on the correct calculation of the energy transferred to the scintillator.|
|JRC Institute:||Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements|
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