Title: Milk Allergens, their Characteristics and their Detection in Food: A Review
Citation: EUROPEAN FOOD RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY vol. 223 no. 2 p. 149-179
Publisher: SPRINGER
Publication Year: 2006
JRC N°: JRC34427
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC34427
Type: Articles in periodicals and books
Abstract: Cow's milk allergy (CMA) is one of the most common food allergies in childhood. This allergy is normally outgrown in the first year of life, however 15% of allergic children remain allergic. Many studies have been carried out to define and characterise the allergens involved in CMA and described two major allergens: casein (αs1- CN) and β-lactoglobulin. In addition to this, many other milk proteins are antigenic and capable of inducing immune responses. Milk from sheep or goats differs from cow's milk (CM) in terms of composition and allergenic properties. Food processing such as heating affects the stability, structure and intermolecular interactions of CM proteins, thereby changing the allergenic capacity. Chemical and proteolytic treatments of milk to obtain milk hydrolysates have been developed to reduce allergic reactions. Prevention of CMA largely relies on avoidance of all food products containing cow's milk. To achieve this, interest has focused on the development of various technologies for detecting and measuring the presence of milk allergens in food products by immunoassays or proteomic approaches. This reviewdescribes the technologies implemented for the analysis of milk allergens (allergenicity, biochemistry) as well as their potential detection in food matrices.
JRC Directorate:Health, Consumers and Reference Materials

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