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|Title:||Photosynthetic Responses to Elevated CO2 and O3 in Quercus Ilex Leaves at a Natural CO2 Spring|
|Authors:||PAOLETTI Elena; SEUFERT GUENTHER; DELLA ROCCA Gianni; THOMSEN Helle|
|Citation:||ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION vol. 147 p. 516-524|
|Publisher:||ELSEVIER SCI LTD|
|JRC Publication N°:||JRC34962|
|Type:||Articles in Journals|
|Abstract:||Photosynthetic stimulation and stomatal conductance (Gs) depression in Quercus ilex leaves at a CO2 spring suggested no down-regulation. The insensitivity of Gs to a CO2 increase (from ambient 1500 to 2000 mol mol-1) suggested stomatal acclimation. Both responses are likely adaptations to the special environment of CO2 springs. At the CO2-enriched site, not at the control site, photosynthesis decreased 9% in leaves exposed to 2x ambient O3 concentrations in branch enclosures, compared to controls in charcoalfiltered air. The stomatal density reduction at high CO2 was 1/3 lower than the concomitant Gs reduction, so that the O3 uptake per single stoma was lower than at ambient CO2. No significant variation in monoterpene emission was measured. Higher trichome and mesophyll density were recorded at the CO2-enriched site, accounting for lower O3 sensitivity. A long-term exposure to H2S, reflected by higher foliar S-content, and CO2 might depress the antioxidant capacity of leaves close to the vent and increase their O3 sensitivity.|
|JRC Institute:||Institute for Environment and Sustainability|
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