Title: Biological Monitoring of Rivers and the European Water Legislation
Authors: CARDOSO ANASOLIMINI ANGELOPREMAZZI GUIDO
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Publication Year: 2006
JRC N°: JRC35553
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC35553
Type: Articles in books
Abstract: River quality in Europe has traditionally been determined using physico-chemical elements and benthic invertebrate fauna (FBA, 2000), often with classification computed by not considering background values for those elements. The classification requirements introduced by the WFD involve a considerable burden to the rivermanagement authorities that are forced to develop monitoring programs, including all biological elements/parameters and to establish the appropriate protection/ restoration measures. This chapter provides an overview of the European water legislation relevant to river quality, with emphasis on the Water Framework Directive (WFD).
JRC Institute:Institute for Environment and Sustainability

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