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|Title:||Indicators on Researchers' Career and Mobility in Europe: a "Modelling" Approach|
|Authors:||MOGUEROU Philippe; DI PIETROGIACOMO MARIA PAOLA; DA COSTA OLIVIER; LAGET Patrice|
|Citation:||What Indicators for Science, Technology and Innovation Policies in the 21st Century?|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||This paper presents the "modelling" approach followed by IPTS to construct new and original indicators on researchers' career and mobility. Indeed three main problems have been identified in the existing statistics on researchers: lack of data at the EU level on different issues, lack of comparable and harmonized data between EU countries and long delay in obtaining statistics when they exist. To deal with these problems, the strategy consists in filling the gaps in the EU and national data, building proxies when robust data are not available, carrying out new ad-hoc surveys and estimating and extrapolating the results at the EU level when necessary and feasible. The general methodology of this approach is first presented. Then, three examples are developed to illustrate the interests and benefits of this approach in terms of results, but also the difficulties and problems that may exist. The three examples are the following: i) Nocasting/forecasting the number of researchers. ii) The international mobility of researchers and engineers in the EU25; iii) The career and mobility of doctoral candidates and postdoctorates in life sciences in Europe (and a comparison with the US).|
|JRC Institute:||Institute for Prospective Technological Studies|
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