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|Title:||Business R&D in Europe: Trends in Expenditures, Researcher Numbers and Related Policies|
|Authors:||GRABLOWITZ Alexander; DELICADO Ana; LAGET Patrice|
|Other Identifiers:||EUR 22937 EN|
|Type:||EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports|
|Abstract:||This report aims at following the trends in business R&D and related public policies over the last decade. The trends in business R&D were captured by compiling and analysing statistical data on business expenditures on R&D (BERD) and researchers in the private sector. Substantive efforts were put into analysing BERD and researcher information according to industrial sectors and according to EU Member States. Related public policies were analysed by assuming three main channels of public action in support of private sector R&D, namely - specific measures aiming at increasing private R&D, including direct government funding of private R&D (GBERD) and government budget appropriations for 'industrial production and technology', - supporting excellence in public R&D (focusing on research funded from general university funds) and finally - provision of skilled researchers (by comparing expenditures for tertiary education with education expenditures for all levels).|
|JRC Directorate:||Growth and Innovation|
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