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|Title:||Determination of Volatile Organic Compounds Emitted by Household Products - The Case of Velvet Carpets (Moquettes)|
|Authors:||LEVA PAOLO; KOTZIAS DIMITRIOS|
|Other Contributors:||KATSOGIANNIS ATHANASIOS|
|Publisher:||University of Porto|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||Summary: Three environmental chambers with controlled temperature, humidity and ventilation have been used to evaluate the emissions of total volatile organic compounds (TVOCs) emitted by various types of carpets. TVOCs emissions were tested as a function of time. The results show that emissions of TVOCs by carpets vary significantly between the various types of carpets, reaching extremely high concentrations. Most emitting among new carpets was found to be a model made by wool fibers and synthetic baking, which exhibited mean emissions of TVOCs of 1090 μg m-3, after the 24 hours of exposure. After 72 hours of exposure, all types of carpets were still emitting. At T=72 hrs, concentrations of TVOCs in the chambers ranged between 82.0 μg m-3 and 471 μg m-3. The emissions’ pattern was similar for all carpets and chambers, thus, TVOCs increase a lot within some hours of exposure and then decrease, until they reach steady-state conditions.|
|JRC Directorate:||Institute for Health and Consumer Protection Historical Collection|
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