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|Title:||Nutriente and Eutrophication in Lakes|
|Authors:||CARVALHO LAURENCE; LEPISTO Liisa; RISSANEN Johanna; PIETILÄINEN Olli-Pekka; REKOLAINEN SEPPO; TOROK Liliana; SOLHEIM ANNE LYCHE; SALORANTA Tuomo; PTACNIK Robert; TARTARI Gianni; CARDOSO ANA; PREMAZZI GUIDO; GUNN Iain; PENNING Ellis; HANGANU Jenica; HELLSTEN Seppo; IBRAM Orhan; NAVODARU Ion|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||Although the impact of nutrient pressures on biological quality is relatively well understood for lakes in qualitative terms, there has been very limited development of quantitative dose-response relationships, classification tools or models. This literature review identified a number of widely-recognised strong relationships between physico-chemical measures of eutrophication and associated biological responses. These can be split into two types of relationships: (1) primary responses (phytoplankton, phytobenthos and macrophytes) to nutrient state, and (2), secondary responses to primary production or production-related decreases in transparency and oxygen. The advantages and disadvantages associated with developing these elements as indicators of eutrophication pressures are briefly summarised below.|
|JRC Institute:||Institute for Environment and Sustainability|
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