Title: Skin Sensitisation (Q)SARs/Expert Systems: from Past, Present to Future
Authors: TIER GRACEAPTULA AOROBERTS DWURIARTE EUGENIO
Publication Year: 2007
JRC N°: JRC37481
Other Identifiers: EUR 22872 EN
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC37481
Type: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports
Abstract: This review describes the state of the art of available (Q)SARs/expert systems for skin sensitisation and evaluates their utility for potential regulatory use. There is a strong mechanistic understanding with respect to skin sensitisation which has facilitated the development of different models. Most existing models fall into one of two main categories either they are local in nature, usually specific to a chemical class or reaction chemical mechanism or else they are global in form, derived empirically using statistical methods. Some of the published global QSARs available have been recently characterised and evaluated elsewhere in accordance with the OECD principles. An overview of expert systems capable of predicting skin sensitisation is also provided. Recently, a new perspective regarding the development of mechanistic skin sensitisation QSARs so-called Quantitative Mechanistic Modelling (QMM) has been proposed, where reactivity and hydrophobicity, are used as the key parameters in mathematically modelling skin sensitisation. Whilst hydrophobicity can be conveniently modelled using log P, the octanol-water partition coefficient; reactivity is less readily determined from chemical structure. Initiatives are in progress to generate reactivity data for reactions relevant to skin sensitisation but more resources are required to realise a comprehensive set of reactivity data. This is a fundamental and necessary requirement for the future assessment of skin sensitisation.
JRC Institute:Institute for Health and Consumer Protection

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