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|Title:||Analysis of Isotopic Ratios for the Detection of Illegal Watering of Beverages|
|Authors:||CALDERONE GIOVANNI; GUILLOU CLAUDE|
|Citation:||FOOD CHEMISTRY vol. 106 no. 4 p. 1399-1405|
|Publisher:||ELSEVIER SCI LTD|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||The applications of the stable isotope ratio analyses (D/H, 13C and 18O) in the assessment of watering in beverages such as wine and fruit juices are discussed in this study. The measurement of 18O/16O ratio in combination with D/H and 13C/12C ratio is mainly focused and the international official methods implementing stable isotope techniques will be mentioned. Furthermore, the ongoing study on a possible use of 13C/12C ratio of CO2 to detect the addition of technical produced CO2 in mineral sparkling waters is also presented.|
|JRC Institute:||Institute for Health and Consumer Protection|
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