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|Title:||Particle Measurement Programme (PMP): Light-duty Inter-laboratory Exercise: Repeatability and Reproducibility of the Particle Number Method|
|Authors:||GIECHASKIEL BAROUCH; DILARA PANAGIOTA; ANDERSSON JON|
|Citation:||AEROSOL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY vol. 42 p. 528-543|
|Publisher:||TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||A Euro 4 Light-Duty Diesel vehicle equipped with a diesel particulate filter (DPF) was circulated to 9 labs where repetitions of the current regulatory New European Drive Cycle (NEDC) were conducted. Regulated gaseous and improved (with cyclone, filter temperature 47±5 °C, constant filter face velocity, high precision balance at all labs) particulate mass (PM) measurements were also conducted. A reference particle number (PN) measurement system measuring non-volatile particles was circulated along with the test vehicle. Labs also tested their own PN systems built to comply with the reference system¿s performance specifications. The mean PN emissions level of the vehicle was below 1x1011 particles/km. The intra-lab variability (repeatability) was ~40% and the inter-lab variation was ~25%. The study showed that the new PN method has similar variability to other gaseous pollutants such as carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons and better than the PM (intra-lab variability ~55% and inter-lab ~35%). Even with the improved PM method the emissions of the vehicle were similar with the background level (~0.4 mg/km) and the method was subject to volatile artifact. The PN method showed greater sensitivity than the PM method as it could distinguish the DPF fill state or different preconditioning states of the vehicle. However, the PN emission level of the vehicle estimated by the reference system were on average 15% higher than any given lab¿s own system, indicating that the procedures and calibration designed for the standardization of performance should be precisely defined and followed.|
|JRC Institute:||Sustainable Resources|
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