Title: Electrochemical Behaviour of Neptunium in the Molten LiCL-KCl Eutetic
Authors: MASSET PatrickAPOSTOLIDIS CHRISTOSKONINGS RUDYMALMBECK RIKARDREBIZANT JEANSERP Jerome
Citation: JOURNAL OF ELECTROANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY vol. 603 p. 166-174
Publisher: ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
Publication Year: 2007
JRC Publication N°: JRC37757
ISSN: 0022-0728
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC37757
DOI: 10.1016/j.jelechem.2007.01.028
Type: Articles in Journals
Abstract: The electrochemical properties of neptunium, dissolved in the LiCl KCl eutectic, were investigated by transient electrochemical techniques, such as cyclic voltammetry (CV) and chronopotentiometry on inert tungsten electrodes. It was shown that Np4+ is reduced to Np0 by a two-step mechanism corresponding to the transitions of Np4+/Np3+ and Np3+/Np0. In the 400 550 C (673 823 K) temperature range, the diffusion coefficients of Np3+ and Np4+ were found to be of similar magnitude and equal to DNp3þ ¼ 9:47 104 exp23:6 103=RT ðKÞÞ and DNp4þ ¼ 2:14 104 expð14:1 103=RT ðKÞÞ cm2 s1, respectively. The apparent standard potentials of Np4+/Np3+ and Np3+/Np0 redox systems were determined to be E(Np4+/Np3+) = 1.250 + 6.637 · 104 T (K) V versus Cl2/Cl and E(Np3+/Np0) = 3.250 + 7.251 · 104 T (K) V versus Cl2/Cl, respectively. The Gibbs free energies of formation in diluted solutions of NpCl3 and NpCl4 in the LiCl KCl eutectic were determined to be DG = 936.54 + 0.20654 T (K) and 120.61 + 0.06405 T (K) kJ mol1, respectively. Between 400 C and 550 C, the activity coefficients cNpCl3 and cNpCl4 range between 9 125 · 106 and 2 10 · 10 3, respectively.
JRC Institute:Institute for Transuranium Elements

Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.


Items in repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.