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|Title:||Electrochemical Behaviour of Neptunium in the Molten LiCL-KCl Eutetic|
|Authors:||MASSET Patrick; APOSTOLIDIS CHRISTOS; KONINGS RUDY; MALMBECK RIKARD; REBIZANT JEAN; SERP Jerome|
|Citation:||JOURNAL OF ELECTROANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY vol. 603 p. 166-174|
|Publisher:||ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA|
|Type:||Articles in Journals|
|Abstract:||The electrochemical properties of neptunium, dissolved in the LiCl KCl eutectic, were investigated by transient electrochemical techniques, such as cyclic voltammetry (CV) and chronopotentiometry on inert tungsten electrodes. It was shown that Np4+ is reduced to Np0 by a two-step mechanism corresponding to the transitions of Np4+/Np3+ and Np3+/Np0. In the 400 550 C (673 823 K) temperature range, the diffusion coefficients of Np3+ and Np4+ were found to be of similar magnitude and equal to DNp3þ ¼ 9:47 104 exp23:6 103=RT ðKÞÞ and DNp4þ ¼ 2:14 104 expð14:1 103=RT ðKÞÞ cm2 s1, respectively. The apparent standard potentials of Np4+/Np3+ and Np3+/Np0 redox systems were determined to be E(Np4+/Np3+) = 1.250 + 6.637 · 104 T (K) V versus Cl2/Cl and E(Np3+/Np0) = 3.250 + 7.251 · 104 T (K) V versus Cl2/Cl, respectively. The Gibbs free energies of formation in diluted solutions of NpCl3 and NpCl4 in the LiCl KCl eutectic were determined to be DG = 936.54 + 0.20654 T (K) and 120.61 + 0.06405 T (K) kJ mol1, respectively. Between 400 C and 550 C, the activity coefficients cNpCl3 and cNpCl4 range between 9 125 · 106 and 2 10 · 10 3, respectively.|
|JRC Institute:||Institute for Transuranium Elements|
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