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|Title:||INSPIRE: An Innovative Approach to the Development of Spatial Data Infrastructures in Europe Concepts|
|Authors:||CRAGLIA MASSIMO; ANNONI ALESSANDRO|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||First-generation spatial data infrastructures (SDIs) were product oriented and focused on databases. Second-generation SDIs are more process oriented and emphasize partnerships and stakeholder involvement. Nevertheless, most spatial data infrastructures are still led by public-sector organizations, with limited involvement by the private sector or society at large and the involvement of user groups often sporadic and poorly organized. INSPIRE, a spatial data infrastructure for Europe, is innovative in two respects: (1) it is based on existing resources at the national and subnational levels, and (2) it engages user communities and geographic information stakeholders by organizing them in spatial data interest communities. This approach poses challenges at both technical and organizational levels but also offers important opportunities for sustainability.|
|JRC Institute:||Institute for Environment and Sustainability|
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