Title: Review of Data Sources, QSARs and Integrated Testing Strategies for Aquatic Toxicity
Authors: NETZEVA TATIANAPAVAN MANUELAWORTH ANDREW
Publisher: OPOCE
Publication Year: 2007
JRC N°: JRC40402
ISSN: 1018-5593
Other Identifiers: EUR 22943 EN
URI: http://ecb.jrc.it/qsar/publications/
http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC40402
Type: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports
Abstract: This review collects information on sources of aquatic toxicity data and computational tools for estimation of chemical toxicity aquatic to aquatic organisms, such as expert systems and quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) models. The review also captures current thinking of what constitutes an integrated testing strategy (ITS) for this endpoint. The emphasis of the review is on the usefulness of the models and for the regulatory assessment of chemicals, particularly for the purposes of the new European legislation for the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH), which entered into force on 1 June 2007. Effects on organisms from three trophic levels (fish, Daphnia and algae) were subject of this review. In addition to traditional data sources such as databases, papers publishing experimental data are also identified. Models for narcoses, general (global) models as well as models for specific chemical classes and mechanisms of action are summarised. Where possible, models were included in a form allowing reproduction without consultation with the original paper. This review builds on work carried out in the framework of the REACH Implementation Projects, and was prepared as a contribution to the EU funded Integrated Project, OSIRIS.
JRC Institute:Institute for Health and Consumer Protection



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