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|Title:||Local Atomic Structure of a Zirconia Based Americium Transmutation Fuel|
|Authors:||WALTER MARCUS; NAESTREN Catharina; SOMERS JOSEPH; JARDIN REGIS; DENECKE M. A.; BRENDEBACH B.|
|Citation:||JOURNAL OF SOLID STATE CHEMISTRY vol. 180 p. 3130-3135|
|Publisher:||ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||(Zr,Y,Am)O2 with 6 and 19mol% Am were prepared by infiltration of americium in porous yttria-stabilised zirconia (YSZ) beads. Samples were sintered at 1600 1C in Ar/H2 to yield Am(III). By annealing them at 1000 1C in flowing air, the Am is oxidised to Am(IV). Both Am(III) and Am(IV) samples exhibit the presence of a single (Zr,Y,Am)O2 phase with fluorite structure. The local atomic structure around the Zr, Y, and Am atoms is determined by EXAFS analysis. The Zr¿O bond distance decreases from 2.15 to 2.12A ° with increasing Am(III) content, whereas the Y¿O bond distance is independent of Am content and oxidation state. The Am(III)¿O bond distance is 2.37A ° for both Am concentrations, while oxidation to Am(IV) decreases the Am(IV)¿O distance to 2.28A ° , with a simultaneous expansion of the environment around the Zr atoms. The Am¿O bond distances are contracted compared with the compounds Am2Zr2O7 and AmO2 and the distances expected from the ionic radii.|
|JRC Institute:||Nuclear Safety and Security|
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