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|Title:||Synergy between Fast Reactors and Thermal Breeders for Safe, Clean, and Sustainable Nuclear Power|
|Authors:||WIDER HARTMUT; TUCEK KAMIL; CARLSSON JOHAN; VIDOVIC DRAGAN; FUETTERER MICHAEL|
|Citation:||Proceedings of the 20th World Energy Congress|
|Publisher:||World Energy Council|
|JRC Publication N°:||JRC43303|
|Type:||Contributions to Conferences|
|Abstract:||This paper proposes a new approach to nuclear power to achieve a sustainable nuclear future in which the transuranic elements or TRUs (neptunium, plutonium and americium) of the present nuclear waste are burned in safe fast reactors such as lead-cooled fast systems. These breed at the same time U-233 for the use in thermal breeder reactors that are based on the thorium cycle. Since the latter require a much smaller fissile mass than fast reactors, one fast reactor can generate during its lifetime a considerable number of critical masses needed to start up new thermal breeders. With regard to the use of U-233/thorium, this approach is similar to the one pursued by India, but it is different insofar as existing and continuously generated nuclear TRU waste is additionally burned.|
|JRC Institute:||Institute for Energy and Transport|
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