Title: Statistical Evaluation of Real-Time PCR Protocols Applied to Quantify Genetically Modified Maize
Authors: FOLLONI SilviaBELLOCCHI GianniPROSPERO AdelinaQUERCI MaddalenaMOENS WilliamERMOLLI MonicaVAN DEN EEDE Guy
Citation: FOOD ANALYTICAL METHODS vol. 3 no. 4 p. 304-312
Publisher: SPRINGER
Publication Year: 2010
JRC N°: JRC43833
ISSN: 1936-9751
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC43833
DOI: 10.1007/s12161-010-9135-7
Type: Articles in Journals
Abstract: Real-Time PCR (RTi-PCR) is the technique of choice for event-specific quantification of GMOs by determining the amount of event with respect to a species-specific reference gene. Reference genes can be amplified from the genome extracted from Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) or from ad-hoc designed plasmids. In the present study, we statistically evaluate the performance of RTi-PCR protocols for GM maize MON810 event by using both genomic DNA from conventional CRMs and a plasmid containing sequences representative of four maize species-specific reference genes. The significance of simple and interaction effects of several variables included in the experimental design on DNA quantification methods and RTi-PCR were evaluated and discussed. Statistically significant differences on Ct values may have an impact on the GMOs quantification and consequently on the compliance of GM quantification established legal thresholds. Our results confirm the reliability of the plasmid as alternative calibrant for the calculation of GMOs copy number.
JRC Institute:Institute for Health and Consumer Protection

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