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|Title:||Damage to Offshore Oil and Gas Facilities Following Hurricanes Katrina and Rita: An Overview|
|Authors:||CRUZ NARANJO ANA-MARIA; KRAUSMANN ELISABETH|
|Citation:||JOURNAL OF LOSS PREVENTION IN THE PROCESS INDUSTRIES vol. 21 no. 6 p. 620-626|
|Publisher:||ELSEVIER SCI LTD|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||Hurricane Katrina and Rita hit the centre of the American petrochemical industry, shutting down eight refineries, hundreds of oil-drilling and production platforms, and many other industrial facilities. Furthermore, it triggered unprecedented numbers of hazardous-materials releases from industrial facilities and storage terminals onshore, as well as from oil and gas production facilities offshore in the Gulf of Mexico. In this paper we analyze the damage caused by the two hurricanes on the offshore oil and gas industry. Hurricanes Katrina and Rita caused the largest number of destroyed and damaged platforms and pipelines, and the highest number of MODUs set adrift in the history of GoM operations. Since the hurricanes changes have been proposed to operating and emergency procedures, maintenance requirements, and design practices including mooring practices for mobile offshore drilling units.|
|JRC Institute:||Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen|
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