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|Title:||New Isotope Technologies in Environmental Physics|
|Authors:||POVINEC P.; BETTI MARIA; JULL A. J. T.; VOJTYLA P.|
|Citation:||ACTA PHYSICA SLOVACA vol. 58 p. 1-154|
|Publisher:||SLOVAK ACAD SCIENCES INST PHYSICS|
|Type:||Articles in Journals|
|Abstract:||As the levels of radionuclides observed at present in the environment are very low, high sensitive analytical systems are required for carrying out environmental investigations. We review recent progress which has been done in low-level counting techniques in both radiometrics and mass spectrometry sectors, with emphasis on underground laboratories, Monte Carlo (GEANT) simulation of background of HPGe detectors operating in various configurations, secondary ionisation mass spectrometry, and accelerator mass spectrometry. Applications of radiometrics and mass spectrometry techniques in radioecology and climate change studies are presented and discussed as well. The review should help readers in better orientation on recent developments in the field of low-level counting and spectrometry, and to advice on construction principles of underground laboratories, as well as on criteria how to choose low or high energy mass spectrometers for environmental investigations.|
|JRC Institute:||Institute for Transuranium Elements|
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