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|Title:||Tradable White Certificate Schemes - Fundamental Concepts|
|Authors:||BERTOLDI PAOLO; REZESSY SILVIA|
|Citation:||Energy Efficiency vol. 1 no. 4 p. 237-255|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||A number of European countries have introduced market-based instruments to encourage investment in energy efficiency improvement and achieve national energy savings targets. Some of these schemes are based on quantified energy savings obligations imposed on energy distributors or suppliers, coupled with a certification of the energy savings (via white certificates), and a possibility to trade certificates. The paper describes the concept and the main elements of a tradable white certificate scheme (TWC scheme), where appropriate giving examples from existing schemes in Europe. It discusses design and operational features that are key to achieve the overall saving targets, such as delineation of the scheme in terms of obliged parties, eligible projects and technologies, institutional structure and processes to support the scheme, such as measurement and verification. Finally, the paper looks at a number of open issues, most importantly the possibility of creating a voluntary market for white certificates via integration into the carbon market.|
|JRC Directorate:||Energy, Transport and Climate|
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