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|Title:||Protection of Chemical Industrial Installations from Intentional Adversary Acts: Comparison of the New Security Challenges with the Existing Safety Practices in Europe|
|Citation:||Safety, Reliability and Risk Analysis: Theory, Methods and Applications - ISBN 978-0-415-48513-5 vol. 3 p. 2389-2394|
|Publisher:||CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||The chemical industrial installations in addition to their indubitable benefits are not free of risks. The major accident hazards, which are due to the presence of dangerous substances, are controlled by well-established and consolidated legislative frameworks, such as the Seveso Directive for Europe. However, new challenges appear in the horizon, arising from the need to address the threats of intentional acts against these installations. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the requirements of protection against accidental hazards (such as technical failures and human errors) and those of protection against intentional adversary acts, and to compare the two domains in order to identify similarities and differences. The comparison covers the legislative framework, methodological issues, scenarios, protection measures and information flows. It aims at identifying areas of synergy, where measures and experience from one domain can be beneficial for the other, and areas of potential conflict.|
|JRC Institute:||Space, Security and Migration|
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