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|Title:||Learning lessons from tunnel accidents - Recommendations in support of the implementation of Article 15 on Reporting of the EU Directive 2004/54/EC|
|Authors:||KRAUSMANN Elisabeth; MUSHTAQ Fesil|
|Citation:||SAFETY SCIENCE vol. 48 no. 2 p. 230-237|
|Publisher:||ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||Tunnels in the trans-European road network (TEN) facilitate the transport of persons and goods on European roads. Following a series of major tunnel accidents European Union Directive 2004/54/EC was adopted to support the achievement of uniform and high tunnel safety levels. With future accident prevention and mitigation in mind and in support of the effective implementation of Article 15 on Reporting of the Directive we outline a procedure for learning lessons and discuss every step in the process with specific regard for its implications on Article 15. This includes accident investigation, reporting, data collection and analysis, learning lessons and their implementation. The realization that validated information on tunnel accidents is not easily available or accessible, or suffers from a lack of detail or accuracy fed into the development of a data-collection template. By its very nature the template development also guided the formulation of recommendations for accident investigation and reporting as the main information source. In addition, recommendations on data analysis, learning lessons and implementation were also made to assist the actors responsible for reporting or sharing information under the EU Directive.|
|JRC Institute:||Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen|
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