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|Title:||Preface: European Lagoons-Need for further Comparison Across Spatial and Temporal Scales|
|Authors:||RAZINKOVAS Arturas; GASIUNAIT Z.; VIAROLI P.; ZALDIVAR COMENGES Jose'|
|Citation:||HYDROBIOLOGIA vol. 611 no. 1 p. 1-4|
|JRC Publication N°:||JRC46903|
|Type:||Articles in Journals|
|Abstract:||Even though coastal lagoons cover 13% of the world coastline (Barnes, 1995) and only 5.3% of the European coastline (Kjerfve, 1994), they are considered to be the most valuable components of the coastal area (Gonenc & Woflin, 2005). Lagoon ecosystems are important beyond their geographical coverage at local and regional scale, playing a significant role in regulation of freshwater inputs to the marine environment, being sinks and biogeochemical reactors for nutrients and toxic substances originated from terrestrial sources as well as nurseries for many marine species and migratory birds. Lagoons for centuries have had a very important socio-economic role for the local populations, and have been exploited in many ways even more intensively than adjacent sea areas. Increasing human use and development pressures in coastal zones make these dynamic and productive ecosystems very sensitive and vulnerable to deterioration. This has resulted in direct and indirect impacts that have considerably reduced the ability of coastal lagoons to meet an ever-increasing demand for their use and development|
|JRC Institute:||Institute for Environment and Sustainability|
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