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|Title:||Proliferation Resistance Characteristics of Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems: a Safeguardability Point of View|
|Authors:||COJAZZI Giacomo; RENDA Guido; SEVINI Filippo|
|Citation:||ESARDA Bulletin - Special Issue on Proliferation Resistance no. 39 p. 31-40|
|Publisher:||Esarda and Joint Research Centre|
|Type:||Articles in Journals|
|Abstract:||Among the international community there is a renewed interest in nuclear power systems as a major source for energy production in the near to mid future. This is mainly due to concerns connected with future availability of conventional energy resources, and with the environmental impact of fossil fuels. International initiatives have been set up like the Generation IV International Forum (GIF), the International Project on Innovative Nuclear Reactors and Fuel Cycles (IAEA-INPRO), and, partially, the US driven Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP), aimed at defining and evaluating the characteristics, in which future innovative nuclear energy systems (INS) will have to excel. Among the identified characteristics, Proliferation Resistance plays an important role for being able to widely deploy nuclear technology worldwide in a secure way. Studies having the objective to assess Proliferation Resistance of nuclear fuel cycles have been carried out since the nineteen seventies, e.g., the International Nuclear Fuel Cycle Evaluation (INFCE) and the Non-proliferation Alternative Systems Assessment Program (NASAP) initiatives, and all agree in stating that absolute intrinsic proliferation resistance, although desirable, is not achievable in the foreseeable future. The above finding is still valid; as a consequence, every INS will have to comply with agreements related to the Non Proliferation Treaty (NPT) and will require safeguards measures, implemented through extrinsic measures. This consideration led to a renewed interest in the ¿Safeguardability¿ concept which can be seen as a bridge between intrinsic features and extrinsic features and measures.|
|JRC Institute:||Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen|
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