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|Title:||Proliferation Resistance and Physical Protection Robustness Characteristics of Innovative and Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems|
|Authors:||SEVINI Filippo; COJAZZI Giacomo; RENDA Guido|
|Citation:||ESARDA Bulletin - Special Issue on Proliferation Resistance no. 39 p. 3-20|
|Publisher:||OPOCE - ESARDA - Joint Research Centre|
|Type:||Articles in Journals|
|Abstract:||Since the early nineteen seventies, a lot of effort has been put into trying to define and evaluate the proliferation resistance of nuclear energy systems and their associated nuclear fuel cycles. Past studies put in evidence how it was not possible to conceive a proliferation-free nuclear fuel cycle (hence the need of a suitable safeguards system), but also stressed that not all of the available options are equivalent. The topic has become of renewed interest, in the context of the innovative reactor and nuclear energy systems design concepts presently under development. New reactors will have to exhibit and demonstrate enhanced features with respect to the existing ones. It is common practice to classify Proliferation Resistance and Physical Protection characteristics of a system as either intrinsic, i.e. belonging to the system, or extrinsic, such as those related to the application of international safeguards. This paper will summarise in a critical way some of the Proliferation Resistance & Physical Protection (PR&PP) intrinsic features that have emerged so far, in a number of studies and reports available in this field, and can contribute to provide a first input to designers to brainstorm on a number of possible requirements. This survey is part of a JRC activity contributing to the Generation IV International Forum (GIF).|
|JRC Institute:||Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen|
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