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|Title:||Consistent Simulation of Bromine Chemistry from the Marine Boundary Layer to the Stratosphere - Part I: Model Description, Sea Salt Aerosols and PH|
|Authors:||KERKWEG A.; JÖCKEL P; POZZER A; TOST H; SANDER R.; SCHULZ M.; STIER Phillip; VIGNATI Elisabetta; WILSON Julian; LELIEVELD J.|
|Citation:||ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS vol. 8 p. 5899-5917|
|Publisher:||EUROPEAN GEOSCIENCES UNION|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||This is the first article of a series presenting a detailed analysis of bromine chemistry simulated with the atmospheric chemistry general circulation model ECHAM5/MESSy. Release from sea salt is an important bromine source, hence the model explicitly calculates aerosol chemistry and phase partitioning for coarse mode aerosol particles. Many processes including chemical reaction rates are influenced by the particle size distribution, and aerosol associated water strongly affects the aerosol pH. The knowledge of the aerosol pH is important as it determines aerosol phase chemistry, e.g., the efficiency of sulphur oxidation and bromine release. Here, we focus on the simulated sea salt aerosol size distribution and the coarse mode aerosol pH in this first part of the article series. A comparison with available field data shows that the simulated aerosol distributions agree reasonably well within the range of measurements. In spite of the small number of aerosol pH measurements and the uncertainty in its experimental determination, the simulated aerosol pH compares well with the observations. The aerosol pH ranges from alkaline aerosol in areas of strong production down to pH values of 1 over regions of medium sea salt production and high levels of gas phase acids, e.g. polluted regions over the oceans in the northern hemisphere.|
|JRC Directorate:||Sustainable Resources|
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