Title: Reviewing the Nomenclature for High-Technology Trade - The Sectoral Approach
Authors: LOSCHKY Alexander
Citation: Proceedings of the 1st Meeting of the WPTGS p. 1-10
Publisher: OECD
Publication Year: 2008
JRC N°: JRC48405
URI: http://www.olis.oecd.org/olis/2008doc.nsf/linkTo/std-ses-wptgs(2008)9
http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC48405
Type: Contributions to Conferences
Abstract: This paper reviews the nomenclature on high-technology trade using the sectoral approach presented by the OECD in 1997. The nomenclature on the trade of high-technology industries uses the direct and indirect R&D intensities as the sole criteria for the allocation of the industries to one of the four technology levels. In contrast to the calculation of the direct R&D intensities, the calculation of the indirect R&D intensities is not a straightforward task as it implies the identification of the R&D embodied in the intermediate goods needed for the production by a specific industry. The OECD calculated the indirect R&D intensities using the Input-Output tables of the year 1990 from 10 countries. Considering the technological evolutions since 1990 and considering the limited number of countries used for the calculation at that time, an urgent need to review the nomenclature was identified by Eurostat and the Joint Research Centre. The present paper gives the definition of high-technology used in the investigation, names the data sources used and pinpoints the limitations found in the data. It describes the calculation process of the direct and indirect R&D intensities using the Input-Output tables of the year 2000 from 18 countries. The results of the calculation are analysed shortly and an outlook on future work is given, presenting a new possibility to identify more precisely the trade by high-technology industries.
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