Title: Science for Policy New: Challenges, New Opportunities
Editors: MARTINHO GUIMARAES PIRES PEREIRA Angela
FUNTOWICZ Silvio
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Publication Year: 2009
JRC N°: JRC48787
ISBN: 978-0-19-569849-7
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC48787
Type: Books
Abstract: There is a vast literature belonging to social and political theory and the political sciences that addresses the complexities involved in understanding modernity and the modern state, from Max Weber to contemporary theorists on what perhaps innocently may be called late modernity. Hence, we are not in doubt of the usefulness of e.g. Ulrich Beck¿s analysis in terms of second modernity and reflexive modernization, by which society becomes aware of and reacts on the fact that the production of ¿goods¿ in the most general sense of benefits and welfare, entails processes by which hazards and problems are produced and distributed (Beck called them ¿risks¿). Indeed, our contribution may be seen as an instance of reflexive modernization. Nevertheless, the perspective of this book is a different and narrower one, more attending the practical challenges of operationalising the task of reflexive modernization than describing or explaining it. In that sense, the ¿theory¿ developed below has a different status: It aims at providing a pragmatic guide to highly contemporary processes and trends within the management and government of environmental and technological problems in modern states. The contributors to this volume are scholars and practitioners operating at the interface between science and the policy sphere. They describe cases of contemporary policy issues to illustrate the processes, challenges and promises of using policy relevant science in governance. The stories they tell reflect major crises in the relationships between producers and appliers of science for policy. For instance, if science cannot produce truth with the time horizon of a decision, then new decision-making styles are necessary. These will incorporate the management of uncertainty, and acknowledge the value-ladenness of science as well as the instrumental and sometimes manipulative use of scientific arguments. In way or the other the stories fit within the models described earlier.
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