Title: The GGELS Project: European Greenhouse Gases Emissions from Livestock Production Systems LPS Regional Zoning for the Survey of Related Manure Management Practices
Authors: GRANDGIRARD David
Publisher: OPOCE
Publication Year: 2008
JRC N°: JRC49016
ISBN: 978-92-79-09687-7
ISSN: 1018-5593
Other Identifiers: EUR 23639 EN
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC49016
DOI: 10.2788/36724
Type: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports
Abstract: According to the Administrative Arrangement (AA) No. AGRI-2008-02451 signed between DG AGRI and DG JRC in 2008, the final expectation of the GGELS project is a more precise quantification of the greenhouse gases emission (GHG) from livestock production in Europe by considering GHG emission all along the production chains. To later analyse and plan European GHG mitigation scenario for the livestock sectors, a particular effort of description of the Livestock Production Systems (LPS) in place in Europe is necessary, livestock production is differing largely over Europe according to the local farming particularities and to the specific practices in vigour. The previous statements asked for considering spatial as well as strategic diversity of LPS existing in Europe and for the classification of LPS. For that, Work Package 2 (WP2) of the GGELS project has to focus on the conceptualisation and build up of a new LPS typology allowing policy makers to precisely identify LPS diversity. Regarding the main scales at which LPS datasets are available to date, LPS typology is planed to be performed at NUTS2 level (region level) in EU27. The dimensions to be considered in the LPS typology must reflect the strategies decided by the breeders according to market and regional (mainly biotic) constraints met in regions; these dimensions have also to point out the major livestock production steps responsible for GHG emission variation between regions such as manures management practices. Concerning manures management practices, since no specific information existed at region level, while JRC expertise on this issue was insufficient, it has been decided to launch a call for tender to select academic parties for a specific study on this issue following a questionnaire approach. To facilitate this task, DG JRC decided to perform a preliminary classification of the NUTS2 zones according to the remaining dimensions plus other regional descriptors such as regional meteorological particularities, economic intensity of the LPS, stocking density or again the potential autonomy to feed reared animals from local crops production. For that, official statistics contained inside databases of the CAPRI (Common Agricultural Policy Regional Impact Analysis) Modelling System have been used to describe diversity and particularities of the LPS (by specie) in every one of the European regions. Independently, by using Crop Growth Monitoring System (CGMS) datasets, classification of the climatic conditions met in Europe have been mapped. All classifications were performed using multivariate statistical procedures such as Principal Components Analysis (PCA) and two-way Hierarchical Ascendant Classification (HAC). Results of the by-specie LPS classifications have been then confronted to the clusters describing climate conditions in regions to interpret LPS diversity. In parallel, other statistics such as regional farm types repartition provided by Eurostat were used to verify of the pertinence of the results obtained from the purely statistical method applied. Then, clusters verified were interpreted by relating all dimensions together to give a picture as reliable as possible of the reality following a more subjective approach; finally, to ease the comprehension of the reader, by-specie LPS clusters were mapped in a GIS environment. Despite possible improvements, the preliminary zoning performed here allowed us to identify and describe reliably the specificities of the LPS in every one of the European regions (EU27). From this, we proposed a by-specie and by-LPS type sampling of the regions. This was undertaken to help the academic party to decide later of the minimum sample size necessary to obtain reliable information on the regional manures¿ management practices in vigour regarding the particularities of the LPS pointed out in this report.
JRC Institute:Space, Security and Migration

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