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|Title:||4.7. Landscape Pattern|
|Authors:||PARVIAINEN J; BOZZANO M; ESTREGUIL Christine; KOSKELA J|
|Publisher:||Ministerial Conference on the Protection of Forests in Europe Liaison Unit Warsaw|
|Type:||Articles in periodicals and books|
|Abstract:||The landscape-level spatial pattern of forest cover gives information on the size, shape and spatial distribution of forests in a landscape as it refl ects the potential of landscape to provide forest habitats. Spatial features such as core and edge habitat, isolated patches and corridors represent prime conditions for regional biodiversity. Fragmentation of forest land has historically occurred in many regions in Europe. The long-term survival of forest species may be threatened by fragmentation of the forest land into isolated patches of insuffi cient size and lack of forest connectivity. Fragmentation can occur permanently because isolation of forest within other land use forms has been caused by the expansion of agricultural areas, settlements or it may be temporary and recoverable within forested areas after forest operations such as cuttings or replanting. The methodology for assessing landscape pattern is still under development at the national level. Only a few countries, France, Italy and Germany, can provide data on pattern measures such as forest edges. National pattern data, when available, are not harmonized and cannot be used to implement the MCPFE 4.7 indicator. For the purposes of this report, a case study on European applications on the implementation of the forest landscape pattern indicator is presented. The proposed method represents an applicable assessment scheme, suitable for the large-scale and complex implementation such as for the whole European territory. The methodology has been developed by the European Commission¿ Joint Research Centre (JRC). In contrast to other indicators, information on landscape pattern could not be made available from either international data providers or countries, so JRC contributed a case study on landscape pattern in Europe.|
|JRC Institute:||Institute for Environment and Sustainability|
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