Title: Delimitations of Rural Areas in Europe Using Criteria of Population Density, Remoteness and Land Cover
Authors: JONARD FrançoisLAMBOTTE MichelRAMOS FabienTERRES JeanBAMPS Catharina
Publisher: OPOCE
Publication Year: 2009
JRC N°: JRC49927
ISSN: 1018-5593
Other Identifiers: EUR 23757 EN
URI: http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC49927
Type: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports
Abstract: This report aims to improve current delimitations of rural areas in Europe as a support to statistical descriptions by introducing the criteria of peripherality/remoteness and ¿natural (non-artificial) area¿ in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) typology. In 1994, the OECD developed an easy concept to identify rural and urban areas based on the population density of a geographical unit. This scheme proved to be highly sensitive to the size of the geographical area and the classification of the thresholds. Over the years, endeavours have been made to review and improve the OECD approach and also alternative methodologies have been proposed. The current methods based solely on population distributions, do not allow for detailed and quantified geographical analysis and do not reflect two main characters differentiating rural from urban areas: the ¿natural¿ (non-artificial) surface and the accessibility/remoteness. In this study, a new rural typology has been developed by integrating the peripherality index and the land cover indicator in the OECD methodology. The analyses were carried out at Local Administrative Unit (LAU 2) level for EU-27and then aggregated at NUTS3 and NUTS2.The methodology applied is flexible and the thresholds of accessibility or land cover implemented can easily be modified to fit-for-purpose.
JRC Institute:Institute for Environment and Sustainability

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