Title: Novel Features for Dispersion Models in Response to New Regulatory Challenges for Environment and Health
Authors: SKOULOUDIS Andreas
Citation: Proceedings of the 12 International Conference on Harmonisation within Atmospheric Dispersion Modelling for Regulatory Purposes vol. 43 p. 192-193
Publisher: Croatian Meteorological Society
Publication Year: 2008
JRC Publication N°: JRC50010
URI: http://www.harmo.org/conferences/Proceedings/_Cavtat/Cavtat_proceedings.asp
http://publications.jrc.ec.europa.eu/repository/handle/JRC50010
Type: Contributions to Conferences
Abstract: The complexity of processes associated with dispersion of atmospheric pollution undergoing chemical reactions, phase transformation from vapour to particulates and dispersing under complex circulation mechanisms makes the use of three dimensional dispersion models difficult in new regulatory challenges. Research should focus on establishing the correct implementation of dispersion while taking into account the randomness of population activities. For the purposes of this work a collection of suitable simulations are presented and is shown how these are obtained from modules which allow a new set of applications for dispersion simulations. In this presentation are also examined the new challenges for regulatory purposes in areas where: - Data are available and impact assessments can be carried out already and where - Attribution to new environmental sources can be carried out already. The reported examples show the importance of advanced monitoring and address the issue of increasing spatial resolution for: 1. New hazard identification: where are identified the consequences and the level of harmful effects the pollutant monitoring may cause (and characterisation of the nature and strength of the sources that cause these). 2. Dose-response evaluation: where are presented the difficulties in determining the relationship between the amount of exposure to a substance and the extent of a specific biological response (toxic injury or disease) and are shown areas and tools where improvement are possible (expressed as observed incidence, percent response in groups of persons/subject). 3. Exposure assessment: for estimating the magnitude of human exposures, especially for the improving the spatial resolution and accounting for the characteristics of the population exposed. 4. Risk characterisation: especially for estimation of the probability, of occurrence of an adverse effect if a toxic substance is absorbed by a particular organism or population in a specific dose. Of immediate value is the differentiation of outdoor and indoor effects and the establishment of new vision and roadmap for which regulatory efforts were not possible until now. It is expected, that these will change the perceptions about new vulnerable population groups, the severity of specific locations (hot spots) and the significance of episodes during which specific dispersion modelling is required. The results demonstrate important differences from large area averaging and reporting over the whole year processes that result in doubtful statistics.
JRC Institute:Institute for Environment and Sustainability

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